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Category Archives: VR
I began working with VR in 2002, with a software development kit for children, the CDK. The Creative Development Kit allowed inexperienced children AND serious game developers to create games and projects, using our models and commands. The CDK was studied by the Singaporean Ministry of Education and used in schools throughout Singapore, as well as in the Singapore Science Center. I took a hiatus from VR to write books, one of which has become a best seller in Singapore. I also began research f0r a book on digital cinematography/VR/art, co-produced/curated SPOKEN, a virtual gallery with Eugene Soh and wrote/co-produced/starred in a 360 short film called Beach Road. In the middle of 2016, I decided that the time was right for my VR ideas. This blog is filled with posts about research , seminars, meetings etc. I am now refining my pitchdeck for presentation to investors/VCs. I would prefer to bootstrap, but for this company, at this time, that is a challenge that would seem to take a long time to solve.
An outline of reasons as to why Singapore is the place for Stephen Black's planned VR startup.
- As Creative Director/Producer for the CDK, a CG-generated VR project for a Singapore-based joint venture, SB became very familiar with Singapore's working environment, including government policies and business practices. (The CDK is described more fully elsewhere on this blog.)
- As a long-term resident based in Singapore since 2002, and the author of a bestselling book about Singapore (i ate tiong bahru), SB has a familiarity with Singapore as well as a personal and professional network.
- The government of Singapore provides support for VR and VR-related startups. https://www.spring.gov.sg/Nurturing-Startups/SEEDS/Pages/spring-start-up-enterprise-development-scheme.aspx
- As a teacher of VR-related educational software in the Singapore educational system, SB has experience "in the trenches", regarding the demands of institutions, schools, teachers and students. The Singapore Ministry of successfully tested the CDK and presented the results at an international educational symposium.
- Singapore is a regional hub, with strong connections throughout Southeast Asia,India, China and Japan. This fact, combined with SB's living experiences in Japan, Hong Kong, Paris, New York and Bali create a strong possibility for an active beta network that will be an influential force for global take-up. 7. English: yes! Other languages? Yes, yes, yes and yes! 8.Singapore's multicultural population is also very smartphone savvy. 6. Safe and stable, Singapore has trustworthy legal and business infrastructures.
(image by David Severn) The Art/VR startup idea...the time is now! The Tiong Bahru Mouth the book , the photos, the haikus, the videos. The Tiong Bahru Market is closing for three months at the end of February. Seems like that would be a punctuation mark of some sort. The i ate tiong bahru audiobook is now being checked by Amazon. The iatb glasses were successfully crowdfunded. So was the design for the Tiong Bahru poster. I ate Tiong Bahru, the book itself, is due for a second printing... I Ate Tiong Bahru Audiobook Really...this could go live any day!Voicemaps I have Tiong Bahru mapped out... Bali Wave Ghost After three years+ of doing the starving artist thing,it's time to work on the net net and synergize so as to secure maximum ROI.(that was written last year also, on another blog post. Have not done marketing.. no sales action.)SPOKEN I wrote the following last year, and it has received attention, should receive more... SPOKEN needs to increase its audience...it really is an incredible piece of work :a virtual gallery built by Eugene Soh and filled with contributions from an extremely diverse collection of artists and writers. And these two projects, carry overs from last year. Hopefully by midyear, they can be picked up again...INSEIN Last year, I spent almost ten days in Yangon. I created images with a digital camera. I would like to exhibit them and create a book.The images use Yangon as a starting point...I Ate LaPhet Thoke Conceptual art meets culinary research. A booklet co-created with Sayuri Okayama.Beach Road This 360VR movie will hopefully continue to attract viewers. Towards a New Cinematography, the book, has been plodding along. I hope it will plod faster.AND I WANT TO SPEND TIME WITH MY MOM AND DAD AND BROTHER AND DAUGHTER!
Two hundred percent. Ten thousand percent. Whatever it takes.... I am finalizing a pitch deck now and calmly, but urgently, looking for a Unity/C# person who works hard and dreams harder. VR and more. NOW.
Various notes without a single topic, but all related to the possibilities of immersive art and text. CG and 360 possibilities are innumerable and exciting...but aren't there also untapped resources in the traditional 2D artforms? What if someone like Virginia Fleck had a way to easily, and dramatically, present her works in VR? I am just thinking out loud here...would love to hear your comments. OK...some links related to this. Oh yes... the image used at the top of this post was "borrowed" from the blog of Skarred Ghost, who is doing some amazing things with VR and full body presence. Here is a link to one of his superb posts: on https://skarredghost.wordpress.com/2016/12/28/how-to-show-a-video-in-a-texture-with-unity-on-android/ ......................................................... Netflix home theatre in the Oculus. http://techblog.netflix.com/2015/09/john-carmack-on-developing-netflix-app.html " The screens on the Gear VR supported phones are all 2560x1440 resolution, which is split in half to give each eye a 1280x1440 view that covers approximately 90 degrees of your field of view. If you have tried previous Oculus headsets, that is more than twice the pixel density of DK2, and four times the pixel density of DK1. That sounds like a pretty good resolution for videos until you consider that very few people want a TV screen to occupy a 90 degree field of view. Even quite large screens are usually placed far enough away to be about half of that in real life. The optics in the headset that magnify the image and allow your eyes to focus on it introduce both a significant spatial distortion and chromatic aberration that needs to be corrected. The distortion compresses the pixels together in the center and stretches them out towards the outside, which has the positive effect of giving a somewhat higher effective resolution in the middle where you tend to be looking, but it also means that there is no perfect resolution for content to be presented in. If you size it for the middle, it will need mip maps and waste pixels on the outside. If you size it for the outside, it will be stretched over multiple pixels in the center. For synthetic environments on mobile, we usually size our 3D renderings close to the outer range, about 1024x1024 pixels per eye, and let it be a little blurrier in the middle, because we care a lot about performance. On high end PC systems, even though the actual headset displays are lower resolution than Gear VR, sometimes higher resolution scenes are rendered to extract the maximum value from the display in the middle, even if the majority of the pixels wind up being blended together in a mip map for display. The Netflix UI is built around a 1280x720 resolution image. If that was rendered to a giant virtual TV covering 60 degrees of your field of view in the 1024x1024 eye buffer, you would have a very poor quality image as you would only be seeing a quarter of the pixels. If you had mip maps it would be a blurry mess, otherwise all the text would be aliased fizzing in and out as your head made tiny movements each frame. The technique we use to get around this is to have special code for just the screen part of the view that can directly sample a single textured rectangle after the necessary distortion calculations have been done, and blend that with the conventional eye buffers. These are our "Time Warp Layers". This has limited flexibility, but it gives us the best possible quality for virtual screens (and also the panoramic cube maps in Oculus 360 Photos). If you have a joypad bound to the phone, you can toggle this feature on and off by pressing the start button. It makes an enormous difference for the UI, and is a solid improvement for the video content. Still, it is drawing a 1280 pixel wide UI over maybe 900 pixels on the screen, so something has to give. Because of the nature of the distortion, the middle of the screen winds up stretching the image slightly, and you can discern every single pixel in the UI. As you get towards the outer edges, and especially the corners, more and more of the UI pixels get blended together. Some of the Netflix UI layout is a little unfortunate for this; small text in the corners is definitely harder to read. So forget 4K, or even full-HD. 720p HD is the highest resolution video you should even consider playing in a VR headset today. ................................................... http://alexchu.net/Presentation-VR-Design-Transitioning-from-a-2D-to-a-3D-Design-Paradigm ..................................... Dragon Front Card Game https://www.oculus.com/experiences/rift/999515523455801/ (Interesting in terms of card size/distance from viewer) For a card game, Dragon Front was an exhilarating experience that mixes the tense moments of high-level strategy play with the full-body escapism of VR. Yet after a few turns going back and forth, you start to completely forget that you're even playing a game with a headset on. The competition starts to feel as natural as a physical table-top experience, while the Rift just becomes an interface for your virtual showdown."
After just 10 minutes or so of tutorial playing, I was able to grasp the game's lengthy turn-based combat and try my hand at a real one-on-one fight with another human being in VR. For a card game, Dragon Front was an exhilarating experience that mixes the tense moments of high-level strategy play with the full-body escapism of VR. Yet after a few turns going back and forth, you start to completely forget that you're even playing a game with a headset on. The competition starts to feel as natural as a physical table-top experience, while the Rift just becomes an interface for your virtual showdown.
Dragon Front makes you forget you're playing a VR game
Dragon Front has a couple fun quirks to amplify that sensation. For one, your opponent's face shows up as a omnipresent floating mask above their fortress, and it will mirror the direction of their gaze and facial expressions in real time so you can feel as if you're sitting across the table from the person. Dragon Front also relies on in-game voice chat so you can talk to your opponent as the game progresses.So Dragon Front may not be the most immersive VR title out there or one you could show your parents to convince them of the technology's potential. But it's certainly a unique rethinking of the VR approach, one that will most certainly catch on as headsets like the Rift start becoming a more common way to play a wide variety of games and not just first-person experiences. ........................................................ MIKE ALGER!
Great piece by Vincent McCurley
Creative Technologist at the National Film Board of Canada
From Vincent's article: Download the printable VR Storyboard template PDF via DropBox or just grab the image below. (THANK YOU VINCENT!)
I must thank Objectifs and Michael Naimark. Wow! For the past few years I have been taking notes and making blog posts for a book about cinematography in the age of VR, AR, AI etc. Suddenly, I learn about Virtual Reality for Artists, a workshop organized by Objectifs. The workshop is by Michael Naimark, whom I know nothing about. I do sign up immediately, however, as he was Google's first resident artist. I walk in early.Michael is writing something on the whiteboard: https://medium.com/@michaelnaimark/vr-cinematography-studies-for-google-8a2681317b3#.ra9zaxwfd WOW! I introduce myself and make it very clear that I am working on a book about VR cinematography and had no idea of his work. "Not here to steal your fire and will credit you always". Michael, from the "artist as bridge school" seems fine with the situation. ((Note: That link above, in which Michael explains a VR test he did, is an absolute must for anyone serious about VR.) So, without further ado, I present my notes. They are in no particular order, a fact that becomes immediately obvious. .................................. Transmedia Nodal point http://thomas-schwenger.de/index.php?ch=kh&sub=sub_tt&pg=npe http://www.vrphotography.com/data/pages/techtutorials/technotes/nodalptalign-tn.html Matterport http://www.forbes.com/sites/robertadams/2016/09/07/virtual-reality-is-about-to-revolutionize-these-three-industries/#3ae6fc4a7228 "So much is undefined" "First word art, last word art" Branching movies interactive movies intimate space Camera based reality Camera based reality + modeling The Rocky of VR Daydream........................... point of view Modal VR Tango https://www.cnet.com/news/googles-tango-phone-a-preview-of-2017-augmented-reality/ http://www.theverge.com/2016/5/12/11663654/google-project-tango-expansion-vr-indoor-mapping-android Nolan Bushell on the future of storytelling https://www.engadget.com/2016/10/12/atari-co-founder-launches-modal-vr/ Kevin Kelley poverty porn The Czech? interactive movie made by changing lens caps on projectors. scenes of same duration https://books.google.com.sg/books?id=zVUEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA31&dq=Kinoautomat+Raduz&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwju7L2W_PDQAhXIOI8KHdgpC8EQ6AEIKzAD#v=onepage&q=Kinoautomat%20Raduz&f=false bullet screen Driving While Black The realities of arcades. User centered design Imax VR Ghostbusters https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Naimark IMU first person POV VR journalism directed attention 65 % SNAP vs. Google Glass Camera that Changed the World Pan, tilt and roll-camera directions hyperlapse- take out the wobble Hollywood vs. Silicon Valley Facebook VR camera stabilization Magic Leap Hololens size of display is arbitrary Action cams Anything where hands are involved The feeling of being there Robert Flaherty Documentary Richard Deskin Occlusion missing data bulls eye steadycam artists you don't have to fill the whole 360 vr. cinematography studies #3 you should see the whites of her eyes ears are easy to fool. eyes are hard to fool the content's relationship to the medium a mixing board, to "duplicate" reality flight simulator multiple viewers in a shared space VR..the intimate space, right in front of you Gamers know this Cineoramas 1900 Paris Exposition Representing people in VR Equirectangular sections; the map makers' problem orthoscopic: everything is is scale no zooming first person point of view walking together How the West Was Won intimate language nadir hole ambisonic sound Riftcam http://riftcam.com/#why180 Google Killed a Donkey binaural microphone Jean Ropuch Richard Leacock Cannot look around; cannot sway. Navigation Manipulation Cinematic branching https://books.google.com.sg/books?id=hRtBAQAAQBAJ&pg=PT77&lpg=PT77&dq=cinematic+branching&source=bl&ots=yuz5O7_Q6T&sig=GrJaO7CvY_kh_5D4kMgkF8b8PrQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjJnd-v-_DQAhUSSY8KHYvRBfQ4FBDoAQgwMAQ#v=onepage&q=cinematic%20branching&f=false http://www.gamasutra.com/blogs/AlexanderFreed/20140909/225281/Branching_Conversation_Systems_and_the_Working_Writer_Part_2_Design_Considerations.php ears easy to fool; eyes difficult Abel Gance 1927 Napoleon Jeff Lynch ???? Matterport
(the photo used at the top of this post was obtained from Pinterest, where the following credit was provided: Michael Naimark, media art guru. | KR8V | Pinterest | Medium Art, Aspen and Michael O'keefe I did not create the image, am using it without permission and I hope that is OK. )
On December 10, 2016, I was fortunate to attend a small workshop conducted by Michael. Michael was extremely informative and his personality allowed everyone to ask questions and share information freely. I have a separate post about notes taken during the workshop. It was great!
This post serves as an introduction to Michael's work.
The following is from his website:Virtual Reality for Artists”, Objectifs Centre for Photography and Film, Singapore Upcoming Dec 7: Opening Keynote, “The Digital in Cultural Spaces”, National Museum of Singapore. Oct: #5 in "25 of VR's Greatest Innovators," Polygon. Oct: "VR Interactivity: Some Useful Distinctions," Medium.com. Oct: Invited Presentation, Digital Futures Program, Ontario College of Art and Design, Toronto. Oct: Opening Keynote, First VR Creative Doc Lab, Canadian Film Centre, Toronto. (news story) Oct: Opening Keynote, "Weird Reality: New and Independent Visions of Head-Mounted Art and Code," CMU. Sep: Quoted, Pioneers of Virtual Reality Art, Financial Times, London Sep: Guest presentation, USC Cinema "Technologies of Presence" class of Scott Fisher. Sep: Guest presentation, UC Berkeley Haas School of Business "Social Media and Social Movements" class of David Evan Harris. Jun: "VR Cinematography Studies for Google," Medium.com. Apr: Quoted, "Fantastic Radio Show about VR, c.1992," Boing Boing, Apr 25, 2016. Feb: Presentation, "Cameras, Interactivity, and VR", NYU ITP.
the previous post:
Cinematography 8.0: light and motion in the age of VR, AR, AI, 4K, 8K, AI and drones... the name of the book I am working on. The experiences and information in these posts will shape the book. Comments and questions are always welcome. Please note that the book will consist of two parts: Philosophy and Compendium. The Philosophy section will be theoretical, poetic and hopefully a source of inspiration. The Compendium consists, in part, of descriptions and explanations. In a very open and transparent sense, they can be paid pieces of content, as long as the subject is related to the topic. In the crowdfunding campaign these will be available as rewards. If you would like to discuss this before the campaign begins, get in touch. The pricing structure will be very flexible and besides writing about companies, softwares, aps and products, I would enjoy writing about a VR artwork , film or project that may not have budget. THANK YOU... And now, ladies and gentlemen, ... the blog posts you have all been waiting for! http://www.blacksteps.tv/stephen-black-vr-art-books-and-singapore/ (Hey, who's driving this thing?) http://www.blacksteps.tv/riffs-on-vives-vr-development-bootcamp-at-digipen-part-1/ (If you know nothing about VR content, take a few weeks and really go over this. If you have been making VR content, especially CG-generated, this is a great review of state of the art in 2016.) http://www.blacksteps.tv/riffs-on-viveasiavrs-vr-development-bootcamp-at-digipen-part-2/ (see above) http://www.blacksteps.tv/cinematography-8-0-light-and-motion-in-the-age-of-vr-360-4k-8kar-ai-cg-and-drones/ ( A bit about the book) http://www.blacksteps.tv/he-once-hitchhiked-morning-chat-with-reed-hastings-ceo-netflix-disruption-culture-people-and-leadership/ (Netflix, obviously, are but one of the millions of companies that benefit from the art of cinemotography.) http://www.blacksteps.tv/facebook-livewhat-would-andy-warhol-do/ http://www.blacksteps.tv/notes-on-my-first-two-facebook-live-shoots/ http://www.blacksteps.tv/vr-what-would-picasso-do-notes-and-links/ http://www.blacksteps.tv/what-should-the-new-york-times-sound-like/ http://www.blacksteps.tv/aspects-of-vr-in-bali-wave-ghost-the-novel-by-stephen-black/ http://www.blacksteps.tv/mee-young-photography-project-internal-logic/ http://www.blacksteps.tv/the-cinematography-booknotes-and-eugene-soh/ http://www.blacksteps.tv/the-cinematography-booknotes-and-a-reviewer/ http://www.blacksteps.tv/kind-of-the-vr-state-of-the-union-as-of-march-30-2016-part-1-of-2/ (Things change so much and I became so busy that writing the second part didn't happen) END OF PART 1 PART 2 IS HERE
This blog post chronicles some of the activities I have been involved with since 2002, when I began being based in Singapore. Previous to 2002, I lived in Manhattan,Tokyo, Paris and Hong Kong.I have a BFA degree in Photographic Illustration from the Rochester Institute of Technology, with a minor in Film and Video and have been employed by companies such as Fuji TV, Cartoon Network, Fox, MTV, France 2 and Turner Classic Movies. I have directed, created promos and written scripts in addition to my activities as a photographer, artist and writer. 2002-2007 Creative Director, Producer, Cameraman, Instructor and Writer for WalkerAsia/Compudia/Blacksteps This story is quite cinematic but to simplify, the CEO who was the guiding force of WalkerAsia and Compudia passed away unexpectedly, without a succession plan in place. The business plan of WalkerAsia was to be something like Youtube--but at the time we were unaware of Youtube, as it began 3 years later, in 2005.The business plan of Compudia was to create a platform that included email, chat, character licensing and a very very powerful educational/gaming SDK that was both simple enough for inexperienced children and advanced enough for professional game designers. I formed Blacksteps to to carry the project forward. However, despite the fact that Compudia had been set up with over $3 million dollars worth of funding and had positive, working relationships with the Singapore Ministry of Education, the Singapore Science Center and other Singapore agencies, as well as the beginning of public acceptance, issues surrounding the IP made further successes impossible. I then decided to spend more time with art and began writing books-- a lifelong dream of mine. (My father was a book salesman.) I was certain I would return to VR once mobile technology stabilized and VR headsets were finally accessible to the public. Details about the books I wrote can be found elsewhere on this blog. The titles include: The Agaricus blazeii Murrill Notebook, Obama Search Words, Furikake, Contact With Shadow, Bali Wave Ghost and i ate tiong bahru which is a national bestseller in Singapore. The following projects are VR-related Secret Donut World is a collaboration with David Severn a British artist/resident of Japan. The Secret Donut World characters and the world they live in are designed specifically for VR. We are now reviewing SDW in light of recent stabilized technologies, such as those which made Pokemon Go and Job Simulator possible. We are preparing materials for partnerships, licensing and investors. SPOKEN www.gallery.sg Inside of a virtual gallery(Unity) built by Eugene Soh are a number of works which I curated. There was also a writing component. Participants were from all over the world, some very famous, some not. More details can be found on this blog. 3how: the Riverwalk Session As co-founder of 3how, I am fortunate to work with exceptionally talented people of all kinds. The musicianship on this album is outstanding and the recording technique provided valuable experience for future audio projects, VR included. Lee Wen: Ping Pong Go Round and Seasons Without Seasons Although SWS is not 360, the idea of 360 space was one of the concerns while shooting and editing Beach Road Produced with Hiverlab, this short film was featured at the 2015 Brisbane Film Festival and nominated for Best Experimental Film at the 2016 Las Vegas VR Fest. Norm Black was the name of a photo exhibition and the public debut of Beach Road. 3how performed. 2015 The Sudden VR Fest at Ay4ya art space at Isetan, Wisma Atria, Singapore.2016 Informal and full of surprises, the Sudden VR Fest was organized by Stephen Black and included the participation of Hiverlab, Lionel Chok/Immersively, Picture Perfect Productions, Jo Joshua/Viziofly and Aram Pan. Related post: http://www.blacksteps.tv/the-2016-sudden-vr-festival-360-videos-on-youtube/